Nana 營養師

作者

Nana 營養師

喜歡關注營養、健康、食品、美食等相關議題,用營養師的專業角度,將艱深的知識用淺顯易懂的文字與你們分享。民以「食」為天,自己的健康靠自己來守護,擁有正確的知識是重要的第一步!

不容忽視的蛇吻 1億美金資助抗蛇毒血清研究

在熱帶與亞熱帶國家,蛇咬傷事件是一項長期被忽視的公共議題,依世界衞生組織(World Health Organization)公開資訊指出,每年被蛇咬傷人數無確切統計,但每年預估有540萬人被蛇咬傷,因蛇吻身亡年約8.1萬至13.8萬人。因應蛇吻死亡人數持續攀升,已有 1億美金的資源投入相關研究。

Prevention of Chronic Diseases- awareness of four major risk factors

According to Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC), the definition of chronic diseases is that the health conditions last 1 year or longer and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. The common chronic diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancers, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases. The influence of chronic disease significantly impacts personal well-being, and it is also leading nationally economic cost on certain level. In recent years, the extent of influence from chronic disease has been more and more apparent compared with other communicable diseases. Based on the global status report from World Health Organization in 2014, there were 38 million people died of noncommunicable diseases which is 68% of world population. In particular, among the 38 million people, the proportion of premature death (younger than 70 years old) was over 40%. Gradually, the importance of noncommunicable diseases was formally recognized over years and concluded four major risk factors: tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, lack of physical activity.

From Pap Smear Test to HPV Vaccine, Taiwan Government Spares No Efforts to Safeguard Women’s Health

Based on a WHO report, cervical cancer is worldwide the second most frequent cancer in women. The incidence of cervical cancer is the highest in Taiwan so it can be said as an invisible killer to woman health. It is most frequently diagnosed in women between the ages of 25-45. Death rate from cervical cancer is the fourth most lethal in female cancer representing 4% of all cancer deaths which trails lung cancer, liver cancer and colon cancer. Taiwan government launched pap smear screening program in 1995. After more than 20 years now, cervical cancer cases have dropped significantly.

Optimize Iodine Supply and Improve Iodine Status of Pregnant Women and Children

Iodine is an important nutrient and essential to make thyroid hormone. Thyroid hormone plays a vital role in regulating all the body cells’ metabolism. It supports carbohydrate metabolism, cell growth, brain development, regulating hormone release and many other body functions. Iodine is even critical to women and infants. Salt iodization is recommended by WHO to prevent and correct iodine deficiency.

控制四大危險因素 助防治非傳染性疾病

非傳染性疾病(即慢性疾病),是一種持續且長期的健康狀況惡化或疾病,常見的四大非傳染性疾病包括心血管疾病、癌症、糖尿病、慢性呼吸道疾病。非傳染病對於人類健康所帶來的危害非常巨大,不僅如此,對於國家經濟上的影響有一定程度上的損失,近年來其影響程度已經遠超越傳染性疾病。根據世界衛生組織(WHO)2014年全球非傳染病報告,全球因非傳染並所造成的死亡人數約佔68%,相當於每年有3800萬人死於非傳染病,且其中超過40%為70歲以下的過早死亡。相較於過去,目前全世界對於非傳染性疾病漸趨重視,針對四大非傳染性疾病可整理出有四個主要的行為危險因素,分別為:抽菸、不當喝酒、不健康的飲食、缺乏運動。

益生菌是影響「退化性關節炎」的關鍵因素之一

退化性關節炎是人類關節疾病中最常見的一種,與年齡的老化有直接關係,主要病徵為關節軟骨受到長時間的傷害及磨損,關節表面凹凸不平和關節腔變窄以及骨刺的產生,而造成疼痛、僵硬、腫大和變形的狀況。根據衛福部統計,國人約15%(近350萬人)受退化性關節炎所苦。近年有研究人員發現腸道中的益生菌或許能改善關節炎的疼痛。

抵擋地球暖化 臺灣綠建築蔚為風潮

世界衛生組織在2015年時曾宣布,死於直接與氣候變化有關疾病的人數每年約數萬人,且人數以倍數形式增長,換而言之,全球環境的變遷、空氣汙染、地球暖化、氣候變化的現象已成為危害人類健康的主要殺手,也列為2019年全球公共衛生面臨的前十大威脅之一,被世界衛生組織定義為「影響健康的最大環境風險」。

健康者補充過量維生素D,恐增罹癌等風險

現代人對自身的健康越來越重視,良好的天然食物攝取可以提供人體最優質的營養來源,不過忙碌的生活造成飲食不均衡進而使免疫力下降、疾病發生率提高的情況越來越嚴重,所以越來越多民眾開始補充所謂的維生素相關保健食品來增強體力與提升健康,但要注意維生素並非吃越多越有效,尤其是維生素D,若原本沒有缺乏維生素D的人過於補充,反而本末倒置增加罹癌的風險。

高風險孕產兒風險分級管理 守護媽媽寶寶健康(三)

根據世界衛生組織(WHO)的報告,子宮頸癌不僅是全球婦女第二常見的癌症,在台灣,子宮頸癌是國內婦女癌症發生率的第一名,可謂婦女健康的隱形殺手!以25-45歲年齡的婦女最為常見,死亡率的排名則為女性癌中的第四位,死亡人數佔全部癌症死亡人數的4%,僅次於肺癌、肝癌以及結腸直腸癌。台灣地區於民國84年開始全面推動子宮頸抹片篩檢,經過二十幾年來的努力,子宮頸癌個案的比例有大幅下降的趨勢。

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