Taiwanese Human Right to Health Needs to Be Protected by International Law

World Health Organization (WHO) has passed Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in 2003 and put it into practice in 2005. FCTC is WHO’s first treaty with legal effect of international law. Regulations like a comprehensive ban on all tobacco advertising, price and excise increase, health warning required on package surface and second-hand smoke control are all inclusive in this treaty. It is soon recognized by all countries. Up till today, 181 nations join as Parties to the Convention, among them there are 168 signatories. The convention aims to control tobacco use to defend human right to health for children, pregnant women and general public. Tobacco control is now a global consensus.

台灣的健康人權 需要受到國際法的保障

世界衛生組織(World Health Organization, WHO)在2003年通過「菸草控制框架公約」(Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, FCTC),並於2005年實施,這是WHO第一個具有國際法效力的公約。該公約規定包括:廣泛禁止菸草廣告、提高價格和稅收、在菸草製品上印製健康警告標籤、二手菸防制…等等措施。公約推出後,快速獲得世界各國的認同,至今已獲181個國家承諾實行,其中有168個國家正式簽署,並加以控制菸草的濫用,來維護兒童、孕婦,以及一般公民的健康人權,目前「菸草控制」是全世界的基礎共識。