#肥胖盛行率

Prevention of Chronic Diseases- awareness of four major risk factors

According to Centers for Diseases Control and Prevention (CDC), the definition of chronic diseases is that the health conditions last 1 year or longer and require ongoing medical attention or limit activities of daily living or both. The common chronic diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancers, diabetes, and chronic respiratory diseases. The influence of chronic disease significantly impacts personal well-being, and it is also leading nationally economic cost on certain level. In recent years, the extent of influence from chronic disease has been more and more apparent compared with other communicable diseases. Based on the global status report from World Health Organization in 2014, there were 38 million people died of noncommunicable diseases which is 68% of world population. In particular, among the 38 million people, the proportion of premature death (younger than 70 years old) was over 40%. Gradually, the importance of noncommunicable diseases was formally recognized over years and concluded four major risk factors: tobacco use, excessive alcohol consumption, poor nutrition, lack of physical activity.

控制四大危險因素 助防治非傳染性疾病

非傳染性疾病(即慢性疾病),是一種持續且長期的健康狀況惡化或疾病,常見的四大非傳染性疾病包括心血管疾病、癌症、糖尿病、慢性呼吸道疾病。非傳染病對於人類健康所帶來的危害非常巨大,不僅如此,對於國家經濟上的影響有一定程度上的損失,近年來其影響程度已經遠超越傳染性疾病。根據世界衛生組織(WHO)2014年全球非傳染病報告,全球因非傳染並所造成的死亡人數約佔68%,相當於每年有3800萬人死於非傳染病,且其中超過40%為70歲以下的過早死亡。相較於過去,目前全世界對於非傳染性疾病漸趨重視,針對四大非傳染性疾病可整理出有四個主要的行為危險因素,分別為:抽菸、不當喝酒、不健康的飲食、缺乏運動。

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